The broad themes had been later removed according to commonalities regarding the categories and also the meaning devices within each one of the groups. This is devices within groups and subcategories had been then collapsed as a statement to mirror the essence associated with the meaning units obtained. Dining Table 1 provides a typical example of this procedure analysis from meaning product to category to theme. The objective of the method described ended up being to make the significant experiences within the meaning devices and type groups, or subcategories, which created cohesive statements that depicted the essence that is overall of women’s experiences. Groups with comparable definitions had been grouped into broad themes.
Table 1. Three Samples Of Phenomenological Review.
Dining Table 1. Three Samples Of Phenomenological Review.
The groups acquired were arranged into eight broad themes, that have been grouped in line with the similarities associated with the groups. The eight broad themes included being associated with the Filipino tradition while acculturating to U.S. tradition, negotiating the self, need for family members, the woman’s matching experiences, connecting along with her spouse, resilience, betrayal, and significance of socioeconomic status. Dining dining dining Table 2 provides all eight themes along side groups under each theme.
Table 2. Breakdown of Themes and groups.
Table 2. Breakdown of Themes and groups.
Being related to Filipino tradition while acculturating to U.S. tradition
Ideas and feelings concerning the meeting
To reduce anxiety through the interview procedure, a number of the ladies verbally talked about their issues utilizing the interviewer. They verbalized their concerns with how a meeting ended up being approached, like the not enough quality associated with the concern because of its broad nature. One participant prepared notes to talk about during her meeting to greatly help arrange her ideas. Familiarity was observed by a few of the females through the meeting procedure by asking concerns ( e.g., asking the interviewer if the philippines were visited by her). One girl informed the interviewer through email that she hoped to start to see the interviewer “soon.”
Waiting on hold to Filipino values
The ladies revealed a few methods they hold on tight to their Filipino values; their values included sticking with their wedding vows while the old-fashioned functions of a wife, of which their duties included home duties and youngster rearing ( ag e.g., staying with distinct and strict parenting roles). The ladies taught kids obedience and respect toward their elders. These values had been how to be successful in life, including excellent educational performance. In addition, a number of the ladies talked about their particular experiences with dating that paralleled the original Filipino views, of which a chaperone had been needed, ideally the daddy or a friend that is female. The ladies additionally attempted to keep their link with their tradition by going to Filipino social activities or distance that is ensuring on their own and their in-laws. They stressed the significance of chastity ahead of wedding as well as the training of this guy asking the woman’s moms and dads for her turn in wedding. The point for this tradition, in accordance with one girl, would be to protect the daughters into the family members.
Just just What she considered relationships just before wedding
Just before marrying their husbands, the ladies had their opinions that are own relationships. For a few, a connection ended up being in contrast to a casino game involving compromise to a far more liberal mindset toward wedding. The ladies claimed that during the time, their professions or familial duties prevented them from using relationships really; other people maintained a conservative stance on relationships, just like other Filipinos. They preferred establishing a relationship aided by the guy just before rushing into wedding.
Life ahead of wedded life
All the individuals had restricted experiences with relationship, yet others had been hesitant to discuss their relationships that are romantic to wedding. All of the females talked about their youth experiences within the Philippines. Although many spent my youth with less privileges compared to kids ( ag e.g., without having as numerous toys), the ladies associated an even more or less childhood that is satisfactory some educational battles.
Significance of hard education and work
Two regarding the ladies stressed efforts and training as basics for a effective life. They agreed that sticking with parenting that is strict having a lifetime career constituted success. The ethos of training and efforts reflected the Filipino worth of training as a means for kiddies to aid boost the family members’s socioeconomic status. In doing this, the young kiddies revealed their financial obligation of appreciation toward your family when you’re effective making use of their academics and jobs. The ladies strived to steadfastly keep up this social training by moving their values right down to their particular young ones.
Going right through the acculturation procedure
The ladies encountered numerous challenges as immigrants in a international nation. It absolutely was specially burdensome for them to acclimate to a tradition unlike their very own. Some females indicated their emotions of tradition surprise if they first arrived into the united states of america. Other people reported having minimal help from their own families of beginning because of real distance, which made acculturation more challenging. Some females had a challenging time acclimating family unit members to US tradition while struggling along with their very very very own acculturation issues, including the distinctions in clothes designs ( e.g., putting on shorts in church, putting on dense coats). In addition, most of the females failed to drive once they lived when you look at the Philippines, therefore the most of them had problems adjusting to the known standard of freedom. A number of the females postponed driving classes because of the frustrations in mastering simple tips to drive; other people proceeded to fear driving to places away from their routes that are usual. The cooler environment had been another acculturation problem for those ladies, whoever systems had been used to weather that is warmer. They reported that the cooler temperature ended up being less of an presssing problem presently.
The ladies with young ones reported comparing exactly how these people were raised into the Philippines with the way the young kids in the usa were being raised. They observed just just just how girls that are young america were less inhibited with their ways and their clothing weighed against exactly how Filipina girls were if they had been growing up within the Philippines. This difference between social techniques had been another acculturation battle talked about.
Learning the nuances associated with English language ended up being a amazing obstacle for a number of the females. Despite having discovered English whilst in college into the Philippines, the ladies proceeded to possess trouble talking the language. Some indicated frustration chatting in English either for their hefty accent or their limited English language. One woman claimed conquering her concern with making grammatical errors whenever talking in English through perseverance: “Now we don’t care if my English is appropriate or wrong. But i simply keep talking” (7.221). She included that after having resided in the us for quite some time, she learned to ignore her perception of just just just what other people thought.
Knowledge about meals
Food represented taking care of of acculturation the women experienced. One of the challenges talked about was their trouble adjusting into the meals in the us. One woman described her distaste for United states bread: “And the bread can be so difficult for me personally. We’re not utilized to . . . sourdough bread ’cause our bread in often there is soft and flour all white” (1.29). It absolutely was not merely US meals that the ladies needed to become familiar with but additionally meals from other cultures ( e.g., Mexican meals). Rice had been a important an element of the dinner for many ladies, also it ended up being necessary for them to own use of this basic grain.
Knowledge about folks from other countries
The ladies reported experiencing both good and interactions that are negative individuals from other countries. Though some for the individuals reported having a broad experience that is positive individuals from other countries, others encountered challenges with culture-specific dilemmas such as for example values, language, and character differences ( ag e.g., persistence). One girl reported,
Yes, ’cause understanding one’s . . . tradition, you realize, it is not too effortless. ’Cause . . . you know . . . Filipino values, you understand, we now have . . . you understand, Filipino values have actually various values from United states values you realize. Often you understand you will possibly not comprehend things where an individual is originating from while the other individual would understand where person n’t is originating from simply because they . . . have actually various values. (5.69, 5.70, 5.71)
This huge difference between US and Filipino values contributed towards the difficulty with the acculturation procedure.